Dr. Mikus examining patient
Angiography
An X-ray exam of the arteries and veins to diagnose blockages and other blood vessel problems; uses a catheter to enter the blood vessel and a contrast agent (X-ray dye) to make the artery or vein visible on the X-ray.
Balloon Angioplasty
Opens blocked or narrowed blood vessels by inserting a very small balloon into the vessel and inflating it. Used by IRs to unblock clogged arteries in the legs or arms (called peripheral arterial disease or PAD), kidneys or elsewhere in the body.
Biliary Drainage and Stenting
Uses a stent (small mesh tube) to open up blocked ducts and allow bile to drain from the liver internally or externally.
Bleeding Internally
Interventional radiologists can pinpoint the area of internal bleeding with angiography and inject a clotting substance, such as a gel, foam or tiny coils, through a thin catheter to stop the bleeding.
Central Venous Access
Insertion of a tube beneath the skin and into the blood vessels so that patients can receive medication or nutrients directly into the blood stream or so blood can be drawn.
Chemoembolization
Delivery of cancer-fighting agents directly to the site of a cancer tumor; currently being used mostly to treat cancers of the endocrine system and liver cancers.
Chest Tube Placement (Thoracostomy)
Insertion of a tube into the potential space (pleural space) between the rib cage and lung for re-expansion and removal of abnormal fluid.
Embolization
Delivery of clotting agents (coils, plastic particles, gel, foam, etc.) directly to an area that is bleeding or to block blood flow to a problem area, such as an aneurysm or a fibroid tumor in the uterus.
Epidural Injections
A non surgical treatment that involves injection of a steroid medication into the epidural space of the spine.
Foreign Body Removal
Removal of foreign bodies from veins, arteries using small catheters and wires.
Gastrostomy Tube
Feeding tube inserted into the stomach for patients who are unable to take sufficient food by mouth.
Hemodialysis Access Maintenance
Use of angioplasty or thrombolysis to open blocked grafts for hemodialysis, which treats kidney failure.
High Blood Pressure
In some patients with high blood pressure, the condition is caused by a narrowing of the arteries in the kidneys. The problem, called renal hypertension, often can be treated with angioplasty.
Infection and Abscess Drainage
Patients with a variety of illnesses may develop an area of persistent infection (abscess) in the body. The infection can be drained by inserting a catheter through a small nick in the skin and to the site of the infection. Also used to treat complications of open surgery.
Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap)
Insertion of a fine needle between two lumbar bones (vertebrae) to remove a sample of cerebrospinal fluid.
Needle Biopsy
Diagnostic test for breast, lung and other cancers; an alternative to surgical biopsy. These diagnostic procedures may use ultrasound, computerized axial tomography (CT), fluoroscopy or sterotactic guidance.
Nerve Block
A nerve block is an anesthetic or anti-inflammatory injection targeted toward a certain nerve group of nerves to treat pain.
Stent
A small flexible tube made of plastic or wire mesh, used to treat a variety of medical conditions (e.g., to hold open clogged blood vessels or other pathways that have been narrowed or blocked by tumors or obstructions).
Stent Graft
Reinforces a ruptured or ballooning section of an artery (an aneurysm) with a fabric-wrapped stent (a small, flexible mesh tube) used to "patch" the blood vessel. Also known as an endograft.
Thermal Ablation
Uses a precisely placed probe to emit heat or cold to kill targeted tumor via a small incision. Includes radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation, cryoablation, and laser ablation.
Thrombolysis
Dissolves blood clots by injecting clot-busting drugs at the site of the clot. Treats blood clots in the brain to reverse the effects of stroke; treats deep vein thrombosis in the leg to prevent permanent disability.
Urinary Tract Obstruction
The ureter carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder and sometimes becomes blocked by kidney stones or other obstructions. The interventional radiologist inserts a catheter through a small nick in the skin and into the blocked kidney to drain the urine.
Uterine Artery Embolization
An embolization procedure of uterine arteries to stop life-threatening postpartum bleeding, potentially preventing hysterectomy. The same procedure is used to treat fibroid tumors and is then called UFE (Uterine Fibroid Embolization).
Uterine Fibroid Embolization
Cuts off the blood supply to the fibroid, causing them to shrink and die, and symptoms to subside (also known as uterine artery embolization).
Varicocele Embolization
A treatment for "varicose veins" in the scrotum, which can cause male infertility and pain.
Varicose Vein Treatment
The saphenous vein is sealed shut through the use of a laser or radio frequency non-surgically.
Vascular Access (Central Line Placement, PICC)
A vascular access procedure is designed for patients who need intravenous (IV) access for a considerable time.
Vena Cava Filter
A tiny cage-like device that is inserted in a blood vessel to break up clots and prevent them from reaching the heart or lungs. Prevents pulmonary embolism.

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